Aviation Fuel

We have created together with European refineries a partnership which gives us a strong worldwide presence, based on superior service, top quality of the product as well as expertise in international networking. Through them we supply Aviation fuels: AvGas 100ll, AvGas UL (Unleaded), Jet fuel and enhanced specifications of such Jet, meaning F-34 (JP8) and F-44 (JP5). Such are being shipped to the farthest reaches of the world using cargo airlifts, sea shipment vessels and other means of transportations.

Our mutual aspirations are to deliver reliable, dependable and consistent supply chain, so our customers can have confidence in our services. We are currently expanding our distribution of these products to countries outside Europe, especially countries in Middle East, Far East and Africa.

The AvGas and Jet fuel variations are our top distributed products by volume, meeting Standard DEF STAN specs. At various stages, from refinery manufacturing to the final delivery to the aircraft fuel tank, fuel quality is checked to ensure that the fuel is clean and free from contamination.

Types of Aviation Fuels

The standard applies to two grades of aviation fuel (Turbine – grades F/34 (JP8), and F/44 (JP5) and Piston Engine which uses mainly AvGas type of aviation fuel).

Grade F/34 (JP8)

JP8 is the equivalent of Jet A-1 with the addition of corrosion inhibitor and anti-icing additives; it meets the requirements of the U.S. Specification MIL-DTL-83133J. The UK also has a specification for this grade namely DEF STAN 91-87 (formerly DERD 2453). Code F-34.

Grade F/44 (JP5)

JP5 is a high flash point kerosene meeting the requirements of the U.S. Specification MIL-DTL-5624U Grade JP-5. The UK specification for this grade is DEF STAN 91-86 AVCAT/FSII (formerly DERD 2452). This is primarily jet fuel for use in aircraft carriers. Code F-44.

Summarising these two grades, Grade F/34 is a kerosene-type aviation turbine fuel, and grade F-44 is a high-flash kerosene-type aviation turbine fuel. Kerosene-type aviation turbine fuels are distillates with a minimum flash point of 38°C and high-flash type aviation turbine fuels are distillates with a minimum flash point of 60°C.

Avgas 100LL

This grade is the lower lead version of Avgas 100. Low lead is a relative term. There is still up to 0.56 g/litre of lead in Avgas 100LL. This grade is listed in the same specifications as Avgas 100, namely ASTM D 910 and UK DEF STAN 91-90. Avgas 100LL is dyed blue and is the main grade of Avgas used worldwide.

Avgas UL91

Compositionally this grade is somewhat comparable with Avgas 100LL but with a zero lead content, which results in a lower octane rating of 91MON. Avgas UL91 is specified in ASTM D7547. Avgas UL91 differs principally from both Avgas UL87 and UL82 not only in the higher octane rating, but in lower vapour pressure (49kPa max compared with 60kPa max in ASTM D6227) and that oxygenates such as ethers are not permitted. In common with all other current Avgas specifications, ASTM D7547 does not permit the use of alcohols such as ethanol.

Delivery Terms

We can deliver fuel in various packing forms i.e.:

  • 40ft (foot) containers fully loaded with 152 drums/barrels of 216.5 liter capacity or
  • 20ft (foot) containers fully loaded with 80 drums/barrels of 216.5 liter capacity or
  • BFCs – ISO containers, or
  • by road in 33,000 litre truck tanks (the last option is only throughout Europe, including the UK, Ireland and Turkey and Middle East).

In case of AvGas our preferable method for distributions outside Europe are 40ft containers, fully loaded with the drums/barrels, as it reduces the risk of contamination and avoids quality issues on the other side of the ocean, at the end of the journey.

Inside each 40′ (foot) container, there will be 152 drums/barrels containing 195 liters of AvGas. Some clients prefer this option, as once they get to the final destination they already have the fuel in the drums/barrels for retail distribution.

In terms of your price tag, this method of delivery increases our costs, as we have to purchase the drums/barrels for our client, and each of them costs around 27 EUR/36 USD. Therefore, your price per liter will shift by $0.14 (EUR 27 divided by 200 liters).

Nonetheless, it should have no impact on business, as most clients would have to buy these drums/barrels here or at the final destination port.

Please contact us for a quote and with any questions you might have……

ProductAviation Gasoline
StandardsDEF STAN 91-90, latest issue  
Contract PeriodOpen for discussion; up to 12 months 
QuantityMinimum 15,520 liters  ( 80 drums) 
Quantity AvailableMax 60.000 MT (metric ton) per annum 
Delivery TermCIF / CFR other incoterms can be arranged
Port of DischargeRotterdam, Gdynia or Gdansk
PackingVarious: 216.5 liter drums/barrels, ISO container  
PaymentPayable 100% at loading sight against presentation of required documents.
PriceTBA USD per liter 
Weight factor1 MT = approx 1388 liters of AvGas 100 LL per metric tone
DocumentsFollowing documents are requested to be presented for payment on shipment:

  1. Bill of Lading marked “freight prepaid”.

  2. Certificate of Conformity issued by Air Force Institute of Technology

  3. Certificate of Origin issued by or endorsed by Chamber of Commerce of the country of origin.

  4. Signed Commercial Invoice.

  5. Weight/packing list.

  6. Certificate of Quality issued by refinery

In terms of ISO tank containers we primarily cooperate with shipping agents such as Stolt Tank Containers (STC) and InterBulk, which are the world?s leading providers of logistics and transportation services for door-to-door shipments of bulk-liquid products. STC’s global fleet of tank containers is by far the world’s largest, with more than 23,500 units.

With more than 25 years of Stolt?s experience in the logistics industry, we feel very comfortable with managing dispatches through their supply chains, minimising our client?s costs and increase efficiency.

STOLT ISO tank containers


The aviation gasoline Avgas 100LL is a mixture of hydrocarbons prepared by the processing of crude oil. Aviation gasoline can contain antiknock, dye, antioxidant and anti-electrostatic.

Guaranteed Technical Properties

This gasoline meets the requirements of DEF STAN 91-90, latest issue.


Aviation gasoline should meet the above requirements within 24 months from the date of production, being subject to the proper storage.


Motor Octane Numbermin 99,5
Performance Numbermin 130
–       Initial boiling point0Creport
–       10% vol. evaporated at0Cmax 75
–       40% vol. evaporated at0Cmin 75
–       50 % vol. evaporated at0Cmax 105
–       90% vol. evaporated at0Cmax 135
–       final boiling point0Cmax 170
–       residue%vol.max 1,5
–       loss%vol.max 1,5
Sum of temperatures at 10 and 50 VPE0Cmin 135
Sulfur total, (m/m)ppmmax 500
Lead contentgPb/lmax 0,56 I
Density at 15°Ckg/m3report
Net heat of combustionMJ/kgmin 43,5
Freezing point0Cmax (-60 )
Corrosion copper strip 2h at    t=100 oCratingmax 1
Existent gummg/100mlmax 3
Water reaction  
–       Interface ratingmlmax 2
–       Volume changingmlmax 2
Conductivity at 20°C,pS/mfrom 50 to 600
Vapour pressure, 37,8 oCkPafrom 38 to 49
Oxidation stability at t= 100 OC, 16 h  
Potential gummg/100mlmax 6
Precipitate, mg/100mlmg/100mlmax 2


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