Gasoline EN 228

Fuel quality parameters in the EU are regulated by binding legislation because of their impact on the environment and human health. They do not address certain gasoline and diesel properties that are considered “technical” due to their impact on vehicle performance, such as copper corrosion in gasoline or water content in diesel. Determination of those properties is left to technical experts working on standards for fuels under the umbrella of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). They prepare European Standards for gasoline (EN 228) and diesel (EN 590) and update them when necessary. Most recently altered in 2008 for gasoline and in 2009 for diesel fuel. European standards are not mandatory; however all European fuel producers and distributors follow them.

European Norm EN 228 / Unleaded gasoline 95 10ppm

Properties Units Min. Max. Test methods
Density at 15°C kg/m3 720 775 EN ISO 3675
Research octane number, RON 95 EN 25164
Motor octane number, MON 85 EN 25163
Vapour pressure, VP
summer
winter
kPa
kPa
45
60
60
90
EN 13016-1
Distillation (1013 mbar)
evaporated at 70°C, E70 (summer)
evaporated at 70°C, E70 (winter)
evaporated at 100°C
evaporated at 150°C
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.
20
22
46
75
48
50
71
ISO 3405
Distillation residue % vol. 2 ISO 3405
Final boiling point, FBP °C 210 ISO 3405
Volatility, VLI (10 VP + 7 E70)
summer
winter


1000

1250
Calculation
Copper strip corrosion (3h at 50°C) rating Class 1 EN ISO 2160
Oxidation stability hrs 6 EN ISO 7536
Hydrocarbons
Olefins
Aromatics
Benzene
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.


18
35
1
ASTM D 1319
Oxygen % wt. 2,7 EN 1601, EN 13132
Oxygenates
Methanol
Ethanol
Iso-propyl alcohol
Iso-butyl alcohol
Tert-butyl alcohol
Ethers (5 or more C atoms)
Other oxygenates
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.
% vol.






3
5
10
10
7
15
10
EN 1601, EN 13132
Sulphur mg/kg 10 EN ISO 20846
Lead mg/l 5 EN 237
Gums mg/100 ml 5 EN ISO 6246
Appearence Clear and bright Visual inspection

And our sample upload specification:

Properties Results Units Test method
Research octane number (RON) 95,1 EN ISO 5164:2005
Motor octane number (MON) 86,6 EN ISO 5163:2005/AC:2009
Lead content <2,5 mg/l EN 237:2004
Benzene content 0,83 % (V/V) EN 238:1996/A1:2003
Density, at 15,0 deg C 0,7538 g/cm3 ASTM D 4052-11
Sulfur content 2,9 mg/kg EN ISO 20846:2011
Oxidation stability >360 min EN ISO 7536:1996
Existent gum content (solvent washed) 1 mg/100 ml EN ISO 6246:1997
Copper strip corosion, 3 h at 50 deg C 1 stop.kor. ASTM D 130-10
Appearance C & B visual
Vapour Pressure (DVPE) 59,2 kPa EN 13016-1:2007
Distillation
-% evaporated at 70 C, E70
-% evaporated at 100 C, E100
-% evaporated at 150 C, E150
-FBP
-distillation residue
37,3
56,1
93,3
180,2
1,0
% (V/V)
% (V/V)
% (V/V)
stop. C
% (V/V)
EN ISO 3405:2000
Oxygenates content
-methanol
-ethanol
-iso-propyl alcohol
-tert-butyl alcohol
-iso-butyl alcohol
-ethers (5 or more C atoms)
-other oxygenates
0,0
5,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
5,3
0,0
% (V/V)% (V/V)% (V/V) EN 13132:2000
Oxygen content 2,7 % (m/m) EN 13132:2000
Colour naturalna
Aromatics 33,4 % (V/V) ASTM D 1319-10
Olefins 0,5 % (V/V) ASTM D 1319-10
Content of conversion alcohol 5,1 % (V/V)

 

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